I’ve been diagnosed with varicocele, can it entail infertility?
The answer to this question cannot be univocal as having a varicocele does not necessarily mean that you will have fertility problems. A lot of men having varicocele don’t experience any problems with paternity. On the other hand, your risks of evolving male infertility are significantly higher compared to the healthy individuals.
The statistic says that varicocele is diagnosed in 4-40% of men on the whole, yet those, who have troubles with becoming a father faced with the issue much more often – in 17-41% of cases.
The exact mechanism of impact is not absolutely clear yet. However, there are several assumptions towards this question.
Most men having varicocele don’t need to be treated. Yet, if it does affect the fertility, surgical treatment of the disease may be recommended. The surgery can improve the quality of sperm and increase the chances for impregnation. Sperm count and motility improve in 55-85% of cases. Still, treatment doesn’t guarantee that you will be able to become a father as the postsurgical pregnancy rate among the wives of operated men varies from 25% to 55%.